Youssef Cassis is Professor of Economic History at the European University Institute. His work mainly focuses on banking and financial history, as well as business history more generally. His most recent publications on the subject include Capitals of Capital. A History of International Financial Centres, 1780-2005, (Cambridge University Press, 2006, expanded paperback edition, 2010), Crises and Opportunities. The Shaping of Modern Finance (Oxford University Press, 2011), and Private Banking in Europe: Rise, Retreat and Resurgence (Oxford University Press, 2015). He has also co-edited The Oxford Handbook of Banking and Financial History, with Richard Grossman and Catherine Schenk (Oxford University Press, 2016), and The Performance of European Business in the Twentieth Century, with Andrea Colli and Harm Schröter (Oxford University Press, 2016). Youssef Cassis was the cofounder, in 1994, of Financial History Review (Cambridge University Press). He was a long serving member of the Academic Advisory Council of the European Association for Banking and Financial History (EBHA) and past President (2005-2007) of the European Business History Association. He is currently engaged in research projects on “Sovereign Defaults and Systemic Financial Crises since the mid-nineteenth century”, and “The Memory of Financial Crises”.